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May the peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be upon you.

A [maximum] distance of 120 cm (approximately 4 feet) is permissible between a prayer congregant and the person standing next to them in the same row and between the place of prostration of a given row and where congregants stand in the row ahead of them. A distance of two meters [between congregants], as described in the question, is problematic for the establishment of a valid congregational prayer.



  • congregation
  • prayers

1- Please refer to the official and documented permission issued by His Eminence al-Sayyid al-Sistani (may God prolong his life) to IMAM. We are honored to have his permission to serve the believers in the fulfillment of all their religious needs, particularly in those matters, financial and otherwise, that require the permission of the qualified jurist (al-hakim al-Shari’). Regardless, as you may be well aware, offering zakat al-fitrah is the responsibility of the individual, and as such, it does not require the permission of the jurist. Hence, a person can allot zakat al-fitrah on the night of [before] Eid and proceed to distribute it to the deserving recipient on the day Eid.

2- Indeed, as you indicated, sometimes there is an issue when transferring some types of religious dues electronically. Therefore, if you notice the announcement issued by IMAM, you will see that we offer this service for those people who are unable to disburse it themselves. In using this service, they send an automatic payment ahead of time to IMAM, and as part of the official process, delegate IMAM to allot zakat al-fitrah on their behalf on the night of Eid. The zakat al-fitrah is then disbursed on the eligible recipients on the day of Eid. We prefer that each individual performs this task on their own, and IMAM bears this responsibility only to provide a necessary service to the respected believers. Note that IMAM disburses zakat al-fitrah to those in need in the United States, this is because, contrary to what is widely believed, there are poor and needy people in the United States who need zakat al-fitrah and have the highest priority to receive it based on religious criteria.


  • zakat fitrah

Unfortunately, these messages and other similar chain-messages are based on false information and when examined carefully reveal that there is no evidence establishing their validity. They are entirely contrary to the teachings of Islam and result in confusion and chaos among the community of believers. Instead, the believers should heed the recommendations and advice of the health professionals and experts who provide sound guidance in these circumstances. Islam always advises the believers to seek the help of people who have expertise in the respective worldly matters, especially when it comes to health. We urge the respected believers to verify any news or information that is attributed to the religious authority by referring to the office of his eminence al-Sayyid al-Sistani in Najaf or any of the affiliated offices and/or his eminence's esteemed representatives. We must all realize that speaking without knowledge and spreading false and unauthentic news is not permissible; therefore, every precaution must be observed.


  • dreams
  • dua

There are two types of adoption:

1) To claim a child as your own and register him/her legally in your name. This is considered forgery and it is prohibited in Islam.

2) To take full care of a child (sponsorship) by raising them and providing for them, and even though the child is treated as your own and registered legally as such, making sure to inform them through suitable means that they are not your biological child, and preserving and upholding non-mahram rules when the child reaches bulugh (religious puberty/maturity). This type is permissible, rather it is highly rewarded by God.


  • adoption

Yes, it is permissible to expose the feet to a mahram as long as it is not with the intention of seducing and it does not lead to haram. As far as exposure to non-mahram is concerned, the entire foot must be covered.


  • mahram
  • non mahram
  • women

What comes into direct contact with a najasah is called a mutanajjis, and it is the first mutannajis. Therefore, if the urine itself is transferred to the door handle from your hand the door handle is still a first mutanajjis.

If your left hand is wet with water and the wetness of that hand mixes with the urine and then you touch the door handle [with that wetness], the door handle is deemed as second the mutanajjis. If your right hand then touches the door handle and there is enough moisture on your [right] hand or the handle then your right hand becomes the third mutanajjis.

NOTE: if the najasah itself transfers to an object, that object is considered the first mutanajjis, which means there can be multiple first mutanajjis); if the first mutanajjis comes into contact with a pure object, that object is considered the second mutanajjis. Similarly, the second mutanajjis will make a pure object impure if it comes into contact with it, this is the third mutanajjis. However, the third mutanajjis can no longer make other items impure, irrespective of whether it is wet or dry.


  • bathroom
  • najis
  • urine

Yes, it is permissible to eat those foods since you do not know the ingredients (as long as you know the food is not meat itself).


  • food
  • halal food
  • haram food
  • meat