Tajwid is an Arabic term that means “beautification.” It refers to the science and art…
I. Details about the situation
It was a hot summer day and Hamid was having fun playing basketball with his friends. While playing, Hamid jumped up to get a rebound and ended up falling and injuring his forearm. He was immediately taken to the emergency room where it was determined that he had severely fractured his forearm and would have to wear a cast for several weeks. Hamid returned home from the hospital that evening and went to perform wudhu at the time of maghrib. After washing his face, he glanced down at his forearm in the cast and wondered how he would wash it. What should he do?
The Islamic code of law covers every circumstance and situation in life, and includes alternative rulings for the duty-bound person who is subjected to harm (dharrar) or unbearable hardship (haraj) when fulfilling a particular obligation. As such, when a person gets injured like Hamid, it is not always possible to remove the cast or wash underneath it, and performing wudhu on the injured part can entail harm or unbearable hardship. In such a case, the duty-bound person can perform wudhu al-jabirah (i.e. wudhu over the splint/cast).
If one of the body parts on which wudhu is performed is injured or there is a broken bone, then wudhu al-jabirah is permissible if it is covered with a splint or cast and it is harmful to uncover or excessively unbearable or difficult. In such a case, the person must wash/wipe as much of the body part around the cast as possible and wipe over the cast based on obligatory precaution. The complete rules about wudhu al-jabirah can be found at here.
If Hamid cannot remove the cast to perform wudhu or if it is excessively unbearable and difficult to do so, then he must wash his hands as he normally would, wash as much of the broken forearm around the cast as possible, and instead of washing the cast, he must only wipe on it based on obligatory precaution.