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Can prayers be offered on behalf of a deceased person?
Yes, one can hire a believing Muslim to pray on behalf of a deceased person.
My grandfather died without leaving a will. As a result, we do not know how much he owes in prayers. What should we do?
If has not stipulated in his will then it is not obligatory upon you to make-up his missed prayers. However, if you choose to do so, you may choose the minimum number that you are sure that he missed and it better for you to estimate the most that he may have missed. You may hire someone to perform the prayers on his behalf.
Could you please tell me which one of the following would be the correct form for daily reciting or chanting the Ism of Allah (SWT) Al-Raheem (500 TIMES)? Ya Raheem? OR Ya Raheemo?
Both are acceptable.
- names of Allah
Why must we be finished eating 90 minutes before dawn, when we can break fast 15 minutes past sunset. When it is still slightly light?
The answers are as follows:
1. It is not obligatory to start fasting 90 minutes before dawn. A person is allowed to eat and drink until right before dawn or the time of fajr. However, it is recommended to refrain from eating or drinking 10-15 minutes before the commencement of fajr as a precaution due to differing opinions on the exact time of fajr, and how it is determined, in the northern and southern parts of the world.
2. As for breaking of the fast, a person may do so when the redness in the eastern horizon of the sky disappears. By taking a look at the sky in the opposite direction of the sun, a person can tell that the time of maghrib prayers has set in once the redness in the sky disappears, and hence it becomes the time to break the fast. In general, this (i.e. disappearance of redness) normally occurs between 10-15 minutes after the time of sunset in the middle parts of the Earth (from the equator, both north and south until just above the subtropics), and specifically depending on the geographic location.
What is our responsibility on the last day of Ramadan?
Your responsibility is to wait for a confirmed sighting. Fast the last day as though it is the last day of the month of Ramadhan. Be aware that you cannot fast past the 30 days (itmam 'eddah).
I'm a student in Boise, Idaho state, and I'm refer to Sayyid Ali Sistani. I would like to inquiry about the Helal of each month. Can I follow the committee that refer to your website in Helal issues, or should we do "Istehlal" by ourselves?
Yes, you may do so and we encourage you to do both, if you are able.
What is the appropriate niyyah for the fasting on the last day of Sha'ban. It is a small possibility and has occurred in the past when a witness regarding moon sighting is later confirmed and the 30th of Sha'ban converts to first of Ramadhan. Just for that possibility, should the niyyah for the fasting on the last day of Sha'ban be any different.
The intention can be one of the following:
i. A Recommended/make-up/nadhr fast of last day of Sha'ban.
ii. The actual reality (al-amr al-waqe'ie).
iii. Dual intention: If from Sha'ban or if from Ramadan. Yes, one may find out that on the last day of Sha'ban that it is indeed the first of Ramadhan, in which case he will change his intention to fasting the first day of the month of Ramadhan.
If one is in a state of janabah and sleeps thinking that he will wake up in time to perform the ghusl but he is doing his ghusl when the morning prayer adhan sounds, and he did not know that he had to do tayamum in such a situation, what is the ruling?
If he was confident when he slept that he would wake up in time, but for some reason did not then his fast will be in order. Otherwise, he would have to make up the fast and pay the kaffarah for intentionally doing so.
If one has broken their fast intentionally one day and delayed their kaffarah and qadha fasting until the next month of Ramadhan will it be obligatory to do something additional?
He will, in addition to what he owes already, have to pay the fidyah of feeding one impoverished person per day missed: 0.75kg of a staple food such as rice, wheat, barley, raisins, dates, and the like.
So he will need to, in addition to his kaffarah and qadha fast, feed 365 impoverished persons if it was 1 year?
No. He will feed one poor person the value of 0.75kg of a staple food for each missed fast. Of course, he still has to pay his kaffarah and makeup the missed day of fasting.